The Dodo Blog

How to felt with resists? How to avoid ridges on the resist edge? When do you remove the resist?

Aug 14, 2023

The video above goes into the following details:

How to felt with resists

When you felt with a resist, you need to lay out the wool on both sides to cover the resist completely. The wool layers need to then go beyond the resist edge, so that some of the wool can be turned over to the other side. This is exactly what allows you to create a seamless object in wet felting.

How to avoid ridges on the resist edge

To avoid having ridges on the resist edge, you need to start working on the “seam area” immediately after the layout. You must also keep your eye on this part of the felt during the whole felting process.

When do you remove the resist?

When the wool is pre-felted, and you feel the resist is already too tight or it's even curling inside the felt, it's time to cut your opening.

Just make sure that the wool is solid enough to be cut. And remember not to cut the opening too big, since holes are the only thing that becomes bigger as you felt.

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What are resists? Which materials can you use for resists?

Aug 14, 2023


By definition, a resist is anything you use between two pieces of wool to prevent that they felt with each other. In other words, you need to use a resist when you want to make a hollow object.

Only after the flat piece is created can you shape it into a 3D object. So, if you want to felt a 3D piece, your first step is to imagine how you will go from 2D to 3D.

The resist is only used during the felting process. When the wool starts shrinking, the resist starts curling up inside, and it must be removed. This is usually the moment when you initiate the fulling process.

You can have a resist:

  • for the whole piece (like for a hat, bag, slippers) or
  • for a part of the piece (like for a pocket or a surface design).



One of the most important things when using a resist is the choice of materials.

It has to be something that doesn’t felt onto wool, otherwise it’ll attach to the layers, instead of doing its job, which is to separate...

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How to make fiber paper for beautiful wet felted projects

Aug 05, 2023

Fiber paper is a material that you can create with either viscose or silk fiber (viscose paper or silk paper).

You can use it to cut out all sorts of shapes and apply them on wool to make felted pieces with a crisp design, much like what felt makers do with pre-felts.

It looks like actual paper, and because it has a nice sheen, it gives your projects a more luxurious look than wool pre-felts.

It’s pretty easy to make and you just need the fiber plus a liquid that serves as a glue to create the paper sheets.

Some felt makers use sugar or powder gelatine (3 teaspoons dissolved in 100 ml of warm water). Others use starch, and I’ve even seen people apply watered down PVA glue to their fiber.

I’ve tried both sugar water and starch. My favorite is actually sugar water. It’s also the cheapest version. But the one time I tried it, I suddenly had ants in my apartment. So, I’m back to starch now If you don't have that sort of problem where you live, that might...

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Do you have problems choosing colors for your wet felt projects?

Jul 22, 2023

Color is one of the most important features of my work. In the last couple of months, I’ve been exploring it further in the techniques I’ve been teaching inside of ‘The Dodo Hub Membership’.

Here are a couple of examples of the patterns and colors I’ve been testing, as well as some samples.

Color is a powerful element in all types of art: it evokes emotions and creates moods. Think about how pastels give you a completely different feeling from earthy golden colors.

(Images from


This means you can create completely different visual effects and impact, according to the way you use color.

For those of us who haven’t learnt about color, it’s not always easy to make good choices for our projects. But, fortunately, there are a lot of good tools out there to help us.

Sometime ago I shared with you a color tool from CANVA to help you with creating color palettes for your wet felted projects.

But, meanwhile, I...

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Wet felting History: an ancient legacy that was almost lost?

Jul 16, 2023

As you probably know, felting has a rich history spanning thousands of years and it can be traced back to Central Asia, where nomadic tribes first discovered the properties of wool and its transformation into felt. It’s been part of civilization, and it had a huge role in various cultures around the world.

Felt’s incredible properties, like temperature insulation and resistance to water, made it such a useful material that it was relied on for survival. It was used to create garments, shoes, hats, dwellings, rugs, and even artwork.

But even though felt making has experienced a growth in popularity in recent years, it was nearly forgotten for a long time, and considered an old-fashioned technique, much like what happened with crochet, knitting and other handmade textiles.

Thankfully, it was kept alive through the decades by the passionate artisans, who were stubborn enough to hold on to the legacy and traditions. These are the people we have to thank for having kept the...

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How much bigger should you make a resist to account for shrinkage?

Jul 09, 2023

We know that the amount of shrinkage in wet felting depends on many variables. Among the most important are:

  • The wool type: breed, microns, fiber length. Fine wool shrinks more than coarser wool.
  • The number of wool layers: if they’re odd or even, how many you lay. Also, thin layers shrink more than thick ones.
  • The layout method: chevron will shrink more than the traditional layout, for example.
  • Decoration: if you add silk, viscose, fabric, or pre-felts.
  • Fulling methods: which ones you use, how many times, in which direction, was it evenly fulled, was it fully fulled. Aggressive fulling methods cause more shrinkage than less aggressive ones, as well as more fiber migration.
  • Even the water temperature and the way the wool is dyed can influence the way it shrinks.


So, the only way to know what your results will be is to make samples before beginning a project, unless you always work with the same wool type, so you get to know very well how it behaves.

After you’ve...

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7 tips to create straight and neat edges without cutting or folding the felt

Jul 03, 2023

Are you having issues making the edges of your felted projects straight and neat? I know, that’s one of the challenges for us felt makers.

Of course, it’s always possible to cut the felt and heal the edges. But it doesn’t look as nice.

Besides, sometimes, the reason why our felt doesn’t have neat edges is because we made them too thin. In those cases, cutting them doesn’t solve the problem.

So, the only way to really be happy with the edges of our felt is to make them perfect from the start.

If that’s something that has been giving you some headaches, you’ll enjoy this video.

Here are 7 easy-to-follow tips that you can apply in your next felting project to make the edges straight and neat:

Tip 1 – Lay the wool out with the thicker ends on the template edge to have a straight line from the beginning.

Tip 2 – Lay the wool out evenly. This way the wool will also felt evenly.

Tip 3 – Rub the edges from the beginning. We tend to...

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Who invented nuno felting?

Jun 23, 2023

As you know, wet felting has a long History. But it’s also true that some of the most incredible advancements only happened in the last decades.

After wet felting was rediscovered as a promising material for designers sometime in the 80s, people of all backgrounds have picked it up and reshaped it with fresh ideas.

We’re all incredibly lucky that some amazing creatives have explored this ancient technique and given it their own touch, adding other materials to wool, and fusing other textile techniques with felt.

I think we shouldn’t take this for granted, so I’m always interested in discovering who are the artists responsible for this rich world we now have at our fingertips.

One of these amazing artists is Polly Stirling. You might not know who she is. But I’m sure you know the technique she created. Polly is none other than the inventor of nuno felting.

Need I say anything else?

If you are interested in knowing how it all happened, here’s a...

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How to lay out your wool for a good quality felt

Jun 18, 2023

A good wool layout is essential for many reasons. It’ll give your work stability, and it’ll guarantee your felt is even. It’s also the secret to a fine drapable piece with a beautiful finishing.

Here’s a video showing you exactly how to create the perfect layout. If you don’t feel confident with this part of felting yet, why not spend some time just making samples to practice.

You don’t have to waste any wool with this exercise. You could just pre-felt the samples and use these pieces of pre-felt for future projects.

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Inspiration for nuno felting projects

Jun 11, 2023

Nuno felting is an extremely versatile technique, especially because it fuses two different materials with different qualities: wool and fabrics.

This alone allows us to create infinite combinations and play with texture, transparency, color, patterns, and variations of drapability. It’s even possible to apply other materials between the wool and the fabrics, in particular if you’re using transparent fabrics.

So, I wanted to show you some of my pieces, to give you concrete examples of how you can use nuno felting to play with all these possibilities in your own work, and hopefully spark some new ideas.

To make things easier, I’ve divided my pieces into 3 groups and talk about each one separately.

1. Examples of finer pieces, in which you use the fabric as a base and then apply wool just on some areas. Obviously, this is the variant that has more drapability and transparency. So, it’s particularly good for scarves and shawls, or blouses and dresses, as well as...

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